THE CYPERUS ESCULENTUS
Cyperus Esculentus or Tigernuts plant belongs to the Poaceae (grasses) plant family. It grows Tigernut tubers in its roots below the soil. The size of the tubers ranges from 6 mm to 25 mm.
The tubers are used for several purposes like nutrition, medication and fishing baits. The Tigernut tubers can be eaten raw as unskinned Tigernuts or processed to make Tigernut products such as Tigernuts flour, Peeled tigernuts, Peeled tigernuts flour, Tigernuts crumbs and skinned Tigernuts.
The tubers of the plant are harvested in autumn. After harvest the Tigernuts processing and Tigernuts production takes place. The tubers are washed and selected according to their size.
The tuber can be skinned, dry or wet, with special technology. Then the Tigernut tubers are chopped, milled or grinded, classified, packaged and sold as our Tigernut products. The cultivation requires sandy soil, as well as appropriate climate conditions. This can lead to the crops producing 4 -5 tonnes of Tigernuts per hectare.
TIGERNUTS AS A FOOD AND SOURCE OF NUTRIENTS
The Tigernut tubers are a source of nutrients great for survival. A small portion (30 grams) of Tigernuts per day covers most of the vital daily nutritional needs of a person.
The cleaned and processed Tigernut tubers are grinded and sieved to make milling products and Tigernut flours. Tigernut flours are used for cooking, baking and making drinks. Such as Horchata, a famous Tigernut beverage. The cleaned tubers can also be consumed raw, as a natural source of nutrients.
Horchata is widely produced In Mediterranean countries as a very refreshing drink. Horchata is predominantly made from Tigernuts. A wide range of different breads and cakes are also made from Tigernuts flour and peeled Tigernuts flour.
The rebirth of Tigernuts began after 2000, when in the USA and Europe more and more people were becoming increasingly health-conscious about what they were eating. Since the nutritional contents and properties of the Tigernut tubers or Chufas are suitable for the modern food trends, Tigernuts are commonly recommended for more and more health-conscious diets. Seen by many as a superfood.
In 2015, Tigernuts were listed among the seven healthiest foods in the USA; showing their significance as a healthy and natural source of nutrients. The ranking was given by the well-known household brand, Good Housekeeping, and the assessment of ABC Television was ‘Tigernuts selected as one of the 7 healthiest foods for 2015’ on ABC Eyewitness News.
Our opinion is that Tigernuts can be used for all kinds of food; where walnuts, peanuts or almonds are limited in use. Tigernut tubers can be processed for use in cooking, baking and beverages. Tigernut oil made from the Tigernut tubers is not only used in the food industry. People like to use the Tigernut oil in the cosmetics industry.